THE PERIODS OF INDONESIAN DANCING
culture is in fact the product of all human activities be it physical,
spiritual or abstract, we call say that the two social classes were
cultured. Since however the class of the feudal aristocracy was
strong and rich it is not surprising that its cultural growth was
more rapid and more advanced than that of the common people. Consequently,
the growth and development of Indonesian dancing during tile period
of feudal society had a dual nature. The growth of dancing of tile
aristocracy was favorable and of high quality while that of the
common people was just opposite.
with the existence of two classes in the Indonesian society of that
period, there used to be two groups or kinds of dancing. The dancing
developing in the palaces and mansions of the kings and the nobility
is called "court dancing" and that developing amidst the
common people, "people's dancing".
dancing which was confined Within tile walls of the 1,alaces arid
mansions of the kings and the nobility, underwent a most favourable
development in that period so that at the beginning of tile 20th
century a high crystallization and most refined aesthetic values
had been achieved.
dancing of the common people of that period, on the other hand,
did not have a favourable development so that aesthetic values were
very low by comparison with those of the court dancing.
This is not surprising as the common people of that period were
poor and did not have the same rights as the feudal aristocracy.
Their lack of freedom of action and their poverty were the reasons
for it lack of freedom in the natural development of dancing talent,
so that therefore the dancing of the common people of that period
was very low in its aesthetic value.
At the beginning, most of the dances of the Period of Feudal Society
were religious. But besides these, used to be profane dancing ill
the sense that its beauty was meant mainly to be enjoyed as entertainment
Period of Modern Society started on 17th August 1945, the day of
the Proclamation of Independence. Since that date, Indonesia has
been a sovereign republic; every citizen has the same rights and
change of Indonesian social structure has affected the growth and
development of dancing immensely. Nowadays, dancing belongs to the
whole Indonesian nation. The dancing of the Period of Feudal Society
that had achieved a high crystallization was taken out of the feudal
court, its spirit was changed so that it has become the property
of the people as a whole. This kind of dancing is now usually referred
to as "classical dancing". New composition in the same
vein but unrestricted by the rules of classical dancing, are called
"modern dancing", and this is now in the process of heading
towards crystallization. But from the point of view of their spirit
and vitality, both classical and modern dancing have a spirit and
essence in harmony with those of the new Indonesian society. The
11 classical" is really applied only to distinctive characteristics
of dancing that contain traits and elements of the traditional dancing.
Classical dancing is built on set forms, both arbitrary and traditional.